As background resources, this page lists relevant publications, presentations and media from the core PASTRES team, plus some networks that the project is linked to.
See also a focused list of publications from the PASTRES project. and our online course on Pastoralism and Uncertainty.
Browse the resources:
Books | Journal articles & book chapters | Working Papers, reports & policy briefs | Media | Presentations | Networks
- Hall, R., Scoones, I. and Tsikata, D. (eds.) (2015). Africa’s Land Rush: Rural Livelihoods and Agrarian Change. Woodbridge: James Currey/Boydell. Read the first chapter.
- Scoones, I. (2015). Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development. Small Books for Big Ideas Series. Critical Agrarian and Peasant Studies. Halifax/Rugby: Fernwood/Practical Action Publishing
- Catley, A., Lind, J. and Scoones. I. (eds.) (2013). Pastoralism and Development in Africa: Dynamic Change at the Margins, Andy Catley, Jeremy Lind and Ian Scoones (eds.). London: Earthscan/Routledge
- Nori M., 2010. Milking Drylands: gender networks, pastoral markets and food security in stateless Somalia, CERES Wageningen University, Lambert Academic Publishing
- Leach, M., Scoones, I. and Stirling. A. (2010). Dynamic Sustainabilities: Technology, Environment, Social Justice, London: Earthscan
- Scoones, I. and Wolmer, W. (eds.) (2002), Pathways of Change. Crops, Livestock and Livelihoods in Africa. Lessons from Ethiopia, Mali and Zimbabwe, Oxford: James Currey.
- Scoones, I. (1994). Living With Uncertainty: New Directions in Pastoral Development in Africa, London: Intermediate Technology Publications (read the first chapter)
- Behnke, R., Kerven, C. and Scoones, I. (1993). Range Ecology at Disequilibrium: New Models of Natural Variability and Pastoral Adaptation in African Savannas, London: ODI
Journal articles/book chapters
- Maru, N. (2019) Pastoralists: Sindhi-Muslim Pastoralists of the Banni Grassland: Fact Sheet and Pastoralists: Religious Reform of the Sindhi-Muslim Pastoralists of the Banni Grassland
Entries in Brill’s Encyclopedia of Religions of the Indigenous People of South Asia
- Semplici, G. (2019) Seeing like the herder: Climate change and pastoralists’ knowledge – insights from Turkana herders in northern Kenya, chapter in Indigenous Peoples and Climate Change: Emerging Research on Traditional Knowledge and Livelihoods, ILO/School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford
- Nori, M. and Baldaro, E. (2018) ‘Games Without Frontiers: Development, Crisis and Conflict in the African Agro-Pastoral Belt’, chapter in Crisis and Conflict in the Agrarian World: An Evolving Dialectic, CABI Publishing, Wallingford: UK
- Nori, M. (2018) Rural Migrations and Mediterranean Agricultural Systems, chapter in the IEMed Mediterranean Yearbook 2018
- Gongbuzeren, L. Huntsinger, and W. Li. 2018. Rebuilding pastoral social-ecological resilience on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau in response to changes in policy, economics, and climate, Ecology and Society 23(2):21 (open access)
- Caravani, M., 2018. ‘De-pastoralisation’ in Uganda’s Northeast: from livelihoods diversification to social differentiation, The Journal of Peasant Studies, online first
- Lind, J. (2018) Devolution, shifting centre-periphery relationships and conflict in northern Kenya, Political Geography, 63, pp.135-147
- Lind, J. (2017) Devolution, shifting centre-periphery relationships and conflict in northern Kenya, Political Geography.
- Lind, J. and Luckham, R. (2017) Introduction: security in the vernacular and peacebuilding at the margins; rethinking violence reduction, Peacebuilding 5.2: 89-98.
- Lind, J.; Mutahi, P. and Oosterom, M. (2017) ‘Killing a mosquito with a hammer’: Al-Shabaab violence and state security responses in Kenya, Peacebuilding 5.2: 118-135.
- Nori M., (2017) Migrant shepherds: opportunities and challenges for Mediterranean pastoralism Journal of Alpine Research 105/4
- Nori M., Ragkos A., Farinella D. (2017) Agropastoralism as an asset for Sustainable Mediterranean Islands. In: Jurcevic K., Lipovcan L.K., Ramljak O., (eds.) “Imaging the Mediterranean: challenges and perspectives”. Vis: Institute of Social Sciences Ivo Pilar.
- Nori, M. (2017) Transhumances, mobility and migrations in Mediterranean pastoralism. In: “Crises and resilience in the Mediterranean. Agriculture, natural resources and food”. Bibliothèque de l’iReMMO. Paris: Institut de Recherche et d’Etudes Méditerranée Moyen-Orient
- Zhuang, M. Gongbuzeren and Li, W. (2017) Greenhouse gas emission of pastoralism is lower than combined extensive/intensive livestock husbandry: A case study on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau of China. Journal of Cleaner Production, 147, pp.514-522.
- Geall, S., Shen, W. and Gongbuzeren (2017) Solar PV and Poverty Alleviation in China: Rhetoric and Reality, STEPS Working Paper 93, Brighton: STEPS Centre
- Catley, A., Lind, J. and Scoones, I. (2016) The futures of pastoralism in the Horn of Africa: pathways of growth and change, Rev Sci Tech. Nov;35(2):389-403.
- Gongbuzeren, Zhuang, M.H., Li, W.J. (2016) ‘Market-based grazing land transfers and customary institutions in the management of rangelands: two case studies on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau’, Land Use Policy
- Li, W., Li, Y. and Gonbuzeren (2016) Rangeland Degradation Control in China: A Policy Review. In: Behnke and Mortimore, M. (eds.). The End of Desertification?, pp. 491-511. Berlin: Springer.
- Gongbuzeren, Li, Y.B., Li, W.J. (2015) ‘China’s rangeland management policy debates: what have we learned?’ Rangeland Ecology and Management. 68.4: 305-314
- Vagnoni, E., Franca, A., Breedveld, L., Porqueddu, C., Ferrara, R. and Duce, P. (2015) Environmental performances of Sardinian dairy sheep production systems at different input levels. Science of The Total Environment, 502.1: 354-361
- Lind, J. (2014) ‘Manufacturing peace in “no man’s land”: Livestock and access to natural resources in the Karimojong Cluster of Kenya and Uganda’, in H. Young and L. Goldman (eds.) Livelihoods, Natural Resources, and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding, Abingdon: Routledge.
- Lind, J.; Sabates-Wheeler, R. and Hoddinott, J. (2013) ‘Implementing social protection in agro-pastoralist and pastoralist areas: how local distribution structures moderate PSNP outcomes in Ethiopia’, World Development 50: 1-12.
- Lind, J. and Letai, J. (2013) ‘Squeezed from all sides: changing resource tenure and pastoralist innovation on the Laikipia Plateau, Kenya’, in A. Catley; J. Lind and I. Scoones (eds.) Pastoralism and Development in Africa: Dynamic Change at the Margins, Abingdon: Routledge.
- Mahmoud, H.A. (2013) Pastoralists’ innovative responses to new camel export market opportunities on the Kenya/Ethiopia borderlands. In: Catley et al. (eds.) Pastoralism and development in Africa, London: Routledge, pp.98-107.
- Nori M. and Gemini S. (2011) The Common Agricultural Policy vis-à-vis European pastoralists: principles and practices. Pastoralism, 1(2)
- Mahmoud, H. (2011) Livestock Marketing Chains in Northern Kenya: Re-Aligning Exchange Systems. In: Risky Environments. Gertel, J and Le Heron, R. (eds). Economic spaces of pastoral production and commodity systems. Farnham: Ashgate, pp.127-150.
- Nori M. and Pardini A. (2011) Agroforestry agro-silvo-pastoral systems in Central Italy: traditional and modern practices. Pastoralism, 1(2)
- Leach, M., Scoones, I. and A. Stirling (2010) Governing epidemics in an age of complexity: Narratives, politics and pathways to sustainability, Global Environmental Change 20(3):369-377
- Nori M., (2010) Along the milky way: Marketing camel milk in Puntland, Somalia. European Journal of Development Research, 22, 696–714.
- Eriksen, S. and Lind, J. (2009) ‘Adaptation as a Political Process: Adjusting to Drought and Conflict in Kenya’s Drylands’, Environmental Management 43.5: 817-835.
- Stirling, A. and Scoones, I. (2009) From risk assessment to knowledge mapping: Science, precaution, and participation in disease ecology,Ecology and Society, 14(2)
- Scoones, I. (2009) Livelihoods perspectives and rural development, Journal of Peasant Studies, 36: 171-196
- Nori M. and Scappini A. (eds.), (2008) Special issue on Pastoralism. Journal of Agriculture and Environment for International Development.102 (1-2)
- Mahmoud, H.A. (2008) Risky trade, resilient traders: trust and livestock marketing in northern Kenya. Africa, 78(4), pp.561-581
- Scoones, I., Z. Mavedzenge, J. Mahenehene, F. Murimbarimba, and W. Wolmer (2008) The dynamics of real markets: Cattle in southern Zimbabwe following land reform, Development and Change 39.4:613-39
- Lind, J. (2006) ‘Supporting Pastoralist Livelihoods in Eastern Africa Through Peace Building’, Development 49.3: 111-115.
- Lind, J. and Eriksen, S. (2006) ‘The Impacts of Conflict on Household Coping Strategies: Evidence From Turkana and Kitui Districts in Kenya’, Die Erde 137.3: 249-270.
- Mahmoud, H.A. (2006) Innovations in pastoral livestock marketing: the emergence and the role of Somali cattle traders-cum-ranchers’ in Kenya. In Pastoral livestock marketing in Eastern Africa: research and policy challenges (pp. 129-144). London: ITDG Publications.
- Sandford, S. and Scoones, I. (2006) Opportunistic and conservative pastoral strategies: some economic arguments, Ecological Economics 1:1-16
- Lind, J. (2003) ‘Adaptation, Conflict and Cooperation in Pastoralist East Africa: A Case Study from South Turkana, Kenya’, Conflict, Security and Development 3.3: 315-334.
- Lind, J. and Sturman, K. (eds.) (2002) ‘Scarcity and Surfeit: the Ecology of Africa’s Conflicts’, Pretoria: Institute for Security Studies.
- Little, P.D., Mahmoud, H. and Coppock, D.L. (2001) When deserts flood: risk management and climatic processes among East African pastoralists. Climate Research, 19(2), pp.149-159.
- Mahmoud, H. and Little, P. (2000) Climatic shocks and pastoral risk management in northern Kenya. Practicing Anthropology, 22(4), pp.11-14.
- Milner-Gulland, E.J., Mace, R. and Scoones, I. (1996) A model of household decisions in dryland agropastoral systems, Agricultural Systems, 51: 407-430.
- Scoones, I. (1996) New challenges for range management in the 21st century, Outlook on Agriculture, 25: 253-256
- Scoones, I. (1995) Exploiting heterogeneity: habitat use by cattle in dryland Zimbabwe, Journal of Arid Environments, 29: 221-227
- Scoones, I. and Graham, O. (1994) New directions for pastoral development in Africa,, Development in Practice, 4: 188-198
- Scoones, I. (1991) Wetlands in drylands: key resources for agricultural and pastoral production in Africa, Ambio, 20, 366-371
- Scoones, I. (1989) Economic and ecological carrying capacity: implications for livestock development in dryland areas of Zimbabwe. Pastoral Development Network Paper 27b, ODI: London
Working papers, reports & policy briefs
- Nori, M., (2019) Herding through uncertainties – principles and practices : exploring the interfaces of pastoralists and uncertainty : results from a literature review, EUI Working Paper RSCAS 2019/68, San Domenico di Fiesole: European University Institute
- Nori, M., (2019) Herding Through Uncertainties – Regional Perspectives.
Exploring the interfaces of pastoralists and uncertainty.
Results from a literature review, EUI Working Paper RSCAS 2019/68, San Domenico di Fiesole: European University Institute
- Is Italian agriculture a ‘pull factor’ for irregular migration – and, if so, why? (Technical Report), EUI and Open Society Foundations, 2018
- Is Italian agriculture a ‘pull factor’ for irregular migration – and, if so, why? (Policy Brief), EUI and Open Society Foundations, 2018
- Nori and Triandafyllidou (2019) Mediterranean interfaces: agriculture, rural development and migration: Forward-looking policies and programmes for an integrated approach, EUI Global Governance Programme, Policy Brief 2019/03
- Nori and Triandafyllidou (2019), chapters in: Forum on Agriculture, Rural Development and Migration in the Mediterranean – A better understanding of the drivers and impacts for forward looking policies and programs, EUI Global Governance Programme, Full Report
- Nori, M. (2018) Contribution to State of Food and Agriculture report SOFA 2018: Migration, agriculture and rural development, UN FAO
- Lind, J., Sabates-Wheeler, R., Hoddinott, J.F. and Taffesse, A.S., 2018. Targeting social transfers in pastoralist societies: Ethiopia’s productive safety net programme revisited (PDF), Working Paper 124, Washington DC: IFPRI
- Baldaro, E. and Nori, M. (2017) Cooling up the drylands : disentangling the pastoralism-security nexus. Policy Briefs, 2017/25, Middle East Directions (MED). http://cadmus.eui.eu/handle/1814/48144
- Lind, J. (2017) Governing black gold: lessons from oil finds in Turkana, Kenya, IDS and SaferWorld Research Briefing.
- Nori M. (2017) Immigrant Shepherds in Southern Europe. Berlin: Heinrich Böll Foundation,
- Nori M. (2016) Shifting Transhumances: Migration patterns in Mediterranean Pastoralism. Watch Letter 36. Montpellier: CIHEAM, Crise et résilience en la Méditerranée.
- Lind, J. et al. (2016) Changes in the drylands of eastern Africa: case studies of pastoralist systems in the region, Nairobi: DFID East Africa Research Hub.
- Lind, J. et al. (2016) Changes in the drylands of Eastern Africa: implications for resilience-strengthening efforts, Brighton: Institute of Development Studies.
- Collodi, J.; Lind, J.; Mitchell, B. and Rohwerder, B. (2016) Reducing Violence in a Time of Global Uncertainty, IDS Policy Briefing 122, Brighton: IDS.
- Ragkos A.and Nori M., (2016) The multifunctional pastoral systems in the Mediterranean EU and impact on the workforce. Options Méditerranéennes, Série A. Séminaires Méditerranéens; no. 114. 15. Rome: Proceedings of the FAO-CIHEAM workshop
- Jenet A., Buono N., Di Lello S., Gomarasca M., Heine C., Mason S., Nori M., Saavedra R. (2016) The path to greener pastures. Pastoralism, the backbone of the world’s drylands. Brussels: Vétérinaires sans Frontiéres International.
- Abbink, J., Askew, K., Dori, D.F., Fratkin, E., Gabbert, E.C., Galaty, J., LaTosky, S., Lydall, J., Mahmoud, H.A., Markakis, J. and Schlee, G., (2014) Lands of the future: transforming pastoral lands and livelihoods in eastern Africa. Halle: Max Planck Institute.
- Lind, J. and Barrero, L.R. (2014) ‘Into the fold: what pastoral responses to crisis tell us about the future of pastoralism in the Horn’, Future Agricultures Consortium Working Paper 091.
- Birch, I. and Lind, J. (2014) ‘Investment in drylands: widening the benefits for food security and development’, Policy Brief 71, Brighton: Future Agricultures Consortium.
- Birch, I. and Lind, J. (2014) ‘Social protection in pastoral areas: promoting inclusive growth at the margins’, Policy Brief 70, Brighton: Future Agricultures Consortium.
- Li, W. and Gongbuzeren (2013) Pastoralism: the custodian of China’s grasslands. IIED Climate Resilient Development briefing. London: IIED
- Nunow, A., Hussein, A.A., Lind, J., Dida, B. and Mahmoud, A.H., (2011) Innovation works: pastoralists building secure livelihoods in the Horn of Africa. FAC Policy Brief No. 38. Brighton: FAC
- Lind, J. et al. (2011) ‘Innovation Works: Pastoralists Building Secure Livelihoods in the Horn of Africa’, Policy Brief 38, Brighton: Future Agricultures Consortium.
- Mahmoud, H.A. (2010) Livestock trade in the Kenyan, Somali and Ethiopian borderlands. London: Chatham House/Royal Institute of International Affairs.
- Allouche, J. and Lind, J. (2010) ‘Public Attitudes to Global Uncertainties’, A Research Synthesis exploring the trends and gaps in knowledge, Brighton: Institute for Development Studies.
- Lind, J.; Ibrahim, M. and Harris, K. (2010) ‘Climate Change and Conflict: Moving Beyond the Impasse’, IDS In Focus Policy Briefing 15, Brighton: IDS.
- Scoones, I. and Adwera, A. (2009) Pastoral Innovation Systems. Experiences from Ethiopia and Kenya. Brighton: Future Agricultures Consortium
- Nori M., El Mourid M., Nefzaoui A., (2009) Herding in a shifting Mediterranean: changing agro-pastoral livelihoods in the Mashreq and Maghreb region. Florence: Robert Schuman Centre, European University Institute
- Scoones, I. (2008) Is pastoralism a viable livelihood option? Livestock and Development, ID21 Insights, 72, IDS: Brighton
- Devereux, S. and Scoones, I. (2008) The crisis of pastoralism, Brighton: Future Agricultures Consortium.
- Davies J. and Nori M., (2008) Managing and mitigating climate change through pastoralism. Policy Matters, 9.Gland: IUCN.
- Nori M., Kenyanjui M. B., Mohammed Ahmed Yusuf, Fadhumo Hussein Mohammed (2006) Milking Drylands: the emergence of camel milk markets in stateless Somali areas. Nomadic Peoples Magazine 10.1
- Nori M. and Davies J. (2007) Change of wind or wind of change? Climate change, adaptation and pastoralism. Report form an electronic conference. Nairobi: World Initiative for Sustainable Pastoralism.
- Lind, J. (2007) ‘Fortune and Loss in an Environment of Violence: Living with Chronic Instability in South Turkana, Kenya’, Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, King’s College London, University of London.
- Scoones, I. and Wolmer, W. (2006) Livestock, Disease, Trade and Markets: Policy Choices for the Livestock Sector in Africa, IDS Working Paper, 269, IDS: Brighton
- Nori M. (2006) Mobile livelihoods, patchy resources & shifting rights: approaching pastoral territories. Thematic paper for the International Land Coalition. Rome
- Nori M., Switzer J., Crawford A. (2005) Herding on the Brink: Towards a Global Survey of Pastoral Communities and Conflict. An Occasional Paper from the IUCN Commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy, Gland.
- Lind, J. (2005) ‘Relief Assistance at the Margins: Meanings and Perceptions of ‘Dependency’ in Northern Kenya’, Humanitarian Policy Group Briefing Paper, Overseas Development Institute.
- Buchanan-Smith, M. and Lind, J. (2005) ‘Armed Violence and Poverty in Northern Kenya: A Case Study for the Armed Violence and Poverty Initiative’, Centre of International Cooperation and Security, Department of Peace Studies, University of Bradford.
- Nori M. (2004) Hoofs on the Roof: Pastoral Livelihoods on the Xinghai-Tibetan Plateau. ASIA, Yushu (PRC)
- GEC Programme (2000) Risky Choices, Soft Disasters. Environmental Decision-Making under Uncertainty. Programme Summary, 1. ESRC GEC Programme, Sussex.
- Mehta, L. ,M. Leach, P. Newell, I. Scoones, K Sivaramakrishnan and S A. Way (1999) Exploring Understandings of Institutions and Uncertainty: New Directions in Natural Resource Management, IDS Discussion Paper 372, IDS: Brighton
- Precarious prospects: Oil in Northern Kenya (digital story), (Jeremy Lind, 18 December 2017)
- Are livestock destroying the planet? (Ian Scoones, Zimbabweland, 2 June 2014)
- Protect pastoralists’ rights to tap into Horn of Africa’s economic potential (Mark Tran, The Guardian, 18 July 2012)
- Protecting pastoralism a key means of climate adaptation (interview with Ian Scoones by Katie Murray, AlertNet, 19 July 2012)
- Ian Scoones: Pastoralism – good news from a troubled region of Africa (Huffington Post, 13 July 2012)
- Pastoralism in Africa: the hidden story of development at the margins (IDS, 12 July 2012)
- Review by Katherine Homewood (STEPS Centre blog, 12 July 2012)
- Perspective: Hussein Mahmoud on the changing camel trade (New Agriculturist, August 2012)
- Pastoralism alive and well in Africa (ILRI video, Ian Scoones, 2011)
- Video: Why uncertainty isn’t just about risk (YouTube)
- The politics of policymaking around pastoralism in Kenya (Video of seminar with Mohamed Elmi and Izzy Birch, IDS, Sussex 2013)
- Pastoralism in Africa: doing things differently (short video series from STEPS Centre, 2012)
- Pastoralist Knowledge Hub – UN Food and Agriculture Organisation
- Coalition of European Lobbies for Eastern African Pastoralism (CELEP)
Main image: index cards | tom saunders | Flickr by nc 2.0